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Orthopedics & Joint Replacement

Diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to bones and joints

About Orthopedics and Joint Replacement

Orthopedics is a branch of medical science concerned with the repair of musculoskeletal system disorders. An orthopaedic specialist tries to achieve this through both surgical and nonsurgical procedures. This would involve injury/disorder diagnosis and treatment by exercise, medicine, surgery, implants, and rehabilitation, among others.

The areas of concern are as follows:

  • Spine and other joint diseases
  • Sports/ exercise injuries
  • Infections
  • Degenerative diseases
  • Musculoskeletal trauma
  • Tumors, and
  • Congenital disorders

The orthopaedic domain's most frequently performed operations include the following:

  • Arthroplasty – Joint reconstruction or replacement through surgery.
  • Knee Replacement- Total or partial knee tissue/bone replacement, or a combination of the two.
  • Shoulder replacement – Total or partial replacement of injured shoulder tissue/bone, or both.
  • Hip replacement- Total or partial hip tissue/bone replacement, or both.
  • Ankle replacement- Total or partial ankle tissue/bone replacement, or a combination of the two.

Bone grafting – Transplanting bone tissue to repair bones that have been injured by trauma or illness. Additionally, it serves as a support for an implanted device.

Spinal fusion – The most common reason for spinal fusion is to alleviate discomfort and pressure on the spinal cord caused by a deteriorating disc (cartilage between two vertebrae).

Accurate diagnosis plays a critical role in the identification and treatment of the disease, which involves the following:

  • DEXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry)
  • 16-slice CT scanning
  • MRI
  • X-ray
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Interventional radiology

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