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Diagnosis and treatment of all eye conditions

About Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is the field of study that focuses on disorders of the eye and orbit. Apart from treating eye disorders, an ophthalmologist, or eye specialist, also contributes to vision correction through the prescribing of glasses and contact lenses.

Some of the eye disorders handled by an ophthalmologist are as follows:

  • Refractive errors such as myopia, presbiopia, hypermetropia, etc. Glaucoma
  • Cataract
  • Dry eyes
  • Macular degeneration
  • Uveitis
  • Strabismus- misalignment of eyes)
  • Proptosis (bulged eyes)
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Excessive tearing (nasolacrimal duct obstruction)
  • Eye tumors

Often, eye drops, tablets, vision-improving implants, and gadgets are prescribed as part of the treatment. Surgery is often required to rectify it. The following are some of the more common eye procedures:

Cataract Surgery

Cataracts lead the lens to become cloudy, resulting in hazy and poor vision. The clouded lens is replaced with an artificial one during this outpatient procedure.


  • Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis is a procedure used to preserve vision without the need for glasses or lenses. A mass of corneal tissues is removed during this surgery in order to refocus the vision.

Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma develops as a result of injury to the optic nerve and, if left untreated, can result in vision loss. The surgical technique is frequently performed on an outpatient and is performed to alleviate ocular strain.


Acronyms for photorefractive keratectomy is another type of refractive surgery that helps patients to maintain their eyesight without the use of glasses or contact lenses.

Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery

Unresolved and persistent diabetes and high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in blood leaking into the retina and floaters. The procedure addresses the same issue and prevents additional blood vessel leaks.

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