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About Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology is the medical specialty concerned with the administration of specialised medications to patients before surgery or invasive diagnostic procedures. It enables the medical operation to be performed properly while causing the patient little or no pain or trauma. It can be administered intravenously or inhaled.


There are four different types of anaesthesia that are administered.

General Anaesthesia

It induces complete unconsciousness and is used in almost every major operation. Examples include open-heart surgery and weight loss surgery.

Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC)

It is used for operations that require the patient’s response. The anaesthetic induces sedation and renders the procedure painless, but the patient retains communication ability. This technique is used to perform laparoscopic pain mapping procedures and a variety of minimally invasive surgeries.

Regional anesthesia

It causes numbness in a specific area (depending on the injection site) but does not lead to unconsciousness. It is used in the course of difficult deliveries and other gynecological procedures.

Local anesthesia

It produces numbness in a specific area yet allows the patient to remain attentive. It is used to do minor medical procedures such as stitching.

At Prakash Multispeciality Hospital, the type of anaesthesia used is selected by the health care provider based on the type of surgery and the patient’s overall health. Multiple forms of anaesthetic may be used in some cases.

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